Construction and Domestic Rule Coins
In addition to his military conquests, Trajan is also well-remembered for his building projects in Rome and his social reforms. Of Trajan’s construction projects in Rome, the most memorable are the column, forum, and market that bear his name. As mentioned earlier when discussing inscriptions within Rome, the land that holds these monuments to Trajan was originally a large hill before Trajan had the hilltop removed and the land developed, a serious achievement of engineering that Trajan celebrated in his coins and monuments much as he would have a military conquest.
Obverse: IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P
Reverse: FORVM TRAIAN
Obverse: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS VI P P
Reverse: S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI S C
Not all of Trajan’s new construction projects were confined to Rome, however. The below Sestertius celebrates the building of Trajan’s harbor in Porto, modern-day Portugal.
Obverse: IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P
Reverse: PORTVM TRAIANI S C
Beyond new construction, Trajan focused on helping the Roman people by extending the grain dole and opening the first orphanages. Trajan did much to alleviate the plight of Rome’s poor children and orphans, and while the below image does not explicitly contain orphans, it does reflect Trajan’s generous nature towards children and another civil accomplishment.
Reverse: COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC ALIM ITAL